As flu season approaches, there are various ways to help prevent your child from getting sick with the flu. But, what should parents do if their child does come down with the flu?
What is the flu?
The flu (influenza) is a very contagious viral infection of the respiratory tract (nose, throat, and lungs). The flu can make someone feel sick for up to 7 to 10 days.
How is the flu treated?
The flu usually doesn’t need medical treatment. Sometimes, doctors might prescribe antiviral medicine for some people who have the flu. This medicine works best if given within the first 2 days of the illness. It can make flu symptoms milder and shorten the illness by a couple of days. But it has some side effects, so discuss the pros and cons of taking it with your doctor.
Doctors don’t prescribe antibiotics for the flu. Antibiotics only work against bacteria, not viruses.
How can I help my child feel better when they have the flu?
If your child gets the flu:
- Offer plenty of liquids. Fever and appetite loss is common with the flu and can lead to dehydration.
- Encourage your child to rest in bed or on the couch with a supply of magazines, books, quiet music, and perhaps a favorite movie. Get more sick day activities for kids.
- Dress your child in layers that are easy to add and remove during bouts of chills or fever.
Can I give my child over-the-counter fever-reducing or cough and cold medicine?
Give acetaminophen, like Tylenol, or ibuprofen, like Motrin and Advil, for fever and aches.
Do not give aspirin unless your doctor tells you to. It has been linked to a rare but serious illness called Reye syndrome.
You can give over-the-counter cough or cold medicines to children over 6 years old if your doctor says it’s okay. Follow the package instructions carefully so you give the right amount. Do not give cold or cough medicines to children under 6 years old because they can cause bad reactions.
Can I give my kids honey to help with their flu symptoms?
Honey can help loosen a stubborn cough in children older than 12 months of age. Give one to two teaspoons of honey at night. Do not give honey to children under 12 months old.
How can I help relieve my child’s stuffy nose?
Running a cool-mist humidifier can help relieve coughs and runny or stuffy noses. Clean it after each use or at least once a day.
For babies: Put a few drops of saline (salt water) into the nose, then gently suction the mucus out with a bulb syringe. Do this no more than two to three times a day so that the inside of your baby’s nose does not get swollen or sore.
For older kids: Give two sprays of saline nose spray three times a day.
How can I prevent my child from getting the flu?
Take care of yourself and the other people in your family. If you haven’t already, speak to your doctor about getting the flu vaccine for you and other family members. It’s recommended yearly for everyone older than 6 months of age. Also, wash your hands well and often, especially after picking up used tissues.
If your doctor prescribes medicine to ease symptoms, call the pharmacist before you go to pick it up. In a severe flu season, some pharmacies might have trouble keeping the medicines in stock.
How long should my child stay home with the flu?
Kids who are sick should stay home from school and childcare until they:
- Feel better.
- Have been fever-free for at least 24 hours without the use of a fever-reducing medicine.
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How to prevent and treat respiratory illnesses this season
Unfortunately, many kids get infected with respiratory illnesses in the fall and winter seasons. CHOC experts highly encourage all eligible members of households to receive their annual flu shots. Other preventative measures like good hygiene and staying home when sick can help protect families from illness. The following articles and guides provide more information.
From babies to teens, pediatricians from CHOC’s Primary Care Network partner with parents to offer immunizations, sick visits, sports physicals and more.